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Websites with the Cherokee Web Server on Ubuntu 9.10 (Karmic)

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Warning

This document is an older, unmaintained guide. There may be a new guide available for this software.

Cherokee is a fast, flexible web server for POSIX compliant operating systems such as Linux. It's designed to be easy to administer, and includes support for a wide range of common web server functions.

This tutorial explains how to install and configure the Cherokee web server on Ubuntu 9.10 (Karmic). This guide targets Cherokee version 0.99.19 (provided by the Ubuntu Karmic repositories as of this writing), but the install steps should be similar for later versions. We will be performing the installation through the terminal; please make sure you are logged into your Linode as root via SSH.

This document assumes that you already have a working and up to date Ubuntu 9.10 (Karmic) system. If you have not followed our getting started guide, we recommend that you do so prior to following these instructions.

Contents

Set the Hostname

Before you begin installing and configuring the components described in this guide, please make sure you've followed our instructions for setting your hostname. Issue the following commands to make sure it is set properly:

hostname
hostname -f

The first command should show your short hostname, and the second should show your fully qualified domain name (FQDN).

Check Package Sources

First, make sure you have the universe repositories enabled on your system. Your /etc/apt/sources.list should resemble the following (you may have to uncomment or add the universe lines):

File excerpt:/etc/apt/sources.list

## main & restricted repositories
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ karmic main restricted
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ karmic main restricted

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu karmic-security main restricted
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu karmic-security main restricted

## universe repositories
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ karmic universe
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ karmic universe

deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ karmic-updates universe
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ karmic-updates universe

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu karmic-security universe
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu karmic-security universe

If you had to enable new repositories, issue the following command to update your package lists:

apt-get update
apt-get upgrade

Next, we'll get Cherokee installed and configured.

Install Cherokee

Enter the following command to install the Cherokee web server, its documentation and some useful modules (including support for SSL).

apt-get install cherokee cherokee-doc libcherokee-mod-libssl libcherokee-mod-streaming libcherokee-mod-geoip

Several packages will be installed in addition to the main server package. You may visit your Linode's IP address (or domain name, if you have it pointed to the IP) in a web browser to verify that Cherokee is running. You should see the default Cherokee test page.

Configuring Cherokee

The Cherokee web server includes an easy to use, comprehensive administration interface. This interface, known as cherokee-admin, is the recommended means of administering your web server.

Start cherokee-admin by issuing the following command:

cherokee-admin -b &

This instructs the administration program to bind to all IP addresses so it may be reached remotely. It will be launched in the background, so you'll still be able to use your SSH session. You should see output similar to the following:

root@plato:~# cherokee-admin -b &
[1] 2385
root@plato:~#
Login:
  User:              admin
  One-time Password: n6UDu7jD5jeADCcp

Web Interface:
  URL:               http://localhost:9090/

Cherokee Web Server 0.99.19 (Aug 29 2009): Listening on port ALL:9090, TLS
disabled, IPv6 disabled, using epoll, 1024 fds system limit, max. 505
connections, caching I/O, single thread

Secure Admin Panel Access

Instead of binding to all interfaces on your Linode, you may wish to bind to localhost and use SSH port forwarding to securely reach the administration system from your workstation. To do so, issue the following commands to launch cherokee-admin and set up an SSH tunnel. The first command is not required if you haven't already launched cherokee-admin. You may need to install the killall command first by issuing "apt-get install psmisc" on your VPS.

On your Linode:

killall cherokee-admin
cherokee-admin &

In a terminal window on your local workstation (MacOS X, Linux, BSD, etc)

ssh -L 9090:localhost:9090 root@12.34.56.78 -N

Replace "12.34.56.78" with your Linode's IP address. You may now visit cherokee-admin in your web browser browser via the SSH tunnel. To stop the tunnel, simply press Ctrl+C in your local terminal window.

You'll be presented with the Cherokee administration panel, which you may use to configure websites and specify configuration options. You'll still need to log in using the username and one-time password provided when you launched cherokee-admin.

The cherokee-admin web server administration interface running on an Ubuntu Linux 9.10 (Karmic) Linode.

Secure Admin Panel Access on Windows

You can use PuTTY to set up a secure SSH tunnel for Cherokee administration. Enter your Linode's public IP address in the session tab:

Session information for PuTTY.

Expand the "Connection -> SSH" menus to select the "Tunnel" configuration page. Enter the values shown here:

Configuring an SSH tunnel for Cherokee administration in PuTTY.

Back on the session tab, enter "Cherokee Admin" in the "Saved Sessions" field and click "Save" to retain your settings for future use.

Saving an SSH session for Cherokee administration in PuTTY.

Click "Open" to connect to your server and start the tunnel. You may receive a warning similar to the one shown here:

An SSH key alert in PuTTY.

Click "Yes" to continue, and log into your Linode as you normally would. As long as the SSH session is open you'll be able to navigate to http://localhost:9090 in your web browser to access the Cherokee admin panel via the secure tunnel.

Conclusion

Be sure to stop cherokee-admin using the killall command shown above once you're done configuring your system. Congratulations, you've successfully installed the Cherokee web server on your Linux VPS!

More Information

You may wish to consult the following resources for additional information on this topic. While these are provided in the hope that they will be useful, please note that we cannot vouch for the accuracy or timeliness of externally hosted materials.

Creative Commons License

This guide is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States License.

Last edited by Phil Paradis on Monday, May 9th, 2011 (r1779).